Cervical Cancer Vaccination

Cervical cancer vaccination is a preventive measure to protect against the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is the most common cause of cervical cancer. The vaccine is recommended for girls and boys between the ages of 9 and 26, before they become sexually active and are exposed to HPV. The following are some important facts about cervical cancer vaccination:

How it works:The HPV vaccine works by helping the body build immunity to the HPV virus, which can cause cervical cancer as well as other types of cancer and genital warts.

Types of vaccines: There are three HPV vaccines currently available: Gardasil, Gardasil 9, and Cervarix. All three vaccines protect against HPV types 16 and 18, which are responsible for about 70% of cervical cancers. Gardasil and Gardasil 9 also protect against several other types of HPV that can cause cancer and genital warts.

Recommended age:The HPV vaccine is recommended for both boys and girls between the ages of 9 and 26. It is recommended to receive the vaccine before becoming sexually active and being exposed to the HPV virus.

Dosing schedule:The HPV vaccine is given as a series of two or three doses, depending on the age at which the vaccine is started and the specific vaccine used. The doses are typically given over a period of six months.

Side effects:The HPV vaccine is generally safe and well-tolerated. The most common side effects are pain and redness at the injection site, fever, and headache. Serious side effects are rare.

Cervical cancer vaccination is an important tool in the prevention of cervical cancer. However, it is important to note that the vaccine does not provide 100% protection against all types of HPV, and regular cervical cancer screening with Pap smears is still recommended for all women, regardless of vaccination status.

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